Topovi u sastavu Varaždinske građanske garde

Varaždinska građanska garda je kroz povijest osim osobnog naoružanja, u svojoj oružarnici imala i topove. Topovi su bili sastavni dio obrane grada, međutim kada je garda imala potrebu za korištenjem topova, gradske službe su ustupile topove na korištenje. Topovi su bili Austro-Ugarske proizvodnje, a u narodu ovog kraja ostali su zabilježeni kao Varaždinski topovi.

 

Top je bio spreman za vatru kada je posada stavila kuglu u cijev i nabijačem je potisnula dolje u položaj. Nakon toga pokrivali su rupu za barut palcem, da se spriječi prerana eksplozija, u slučaju da su ostale neke zapaljene čestice od prethodnog metka. Nakon što nije bilo opasnosti od eksplozije, stavljalo se barutno punjenje u cijev i zaključavao top prema kutu elevacije. Nakon što je top bio spreman za pucanj, vatrom se palilo malo barutno punjenje pomoću kojeg se palilo punjenje u cijevi i vršilo se opaljenje. Nakon pucnja, top bi trebalo vratiti oko dva metra natrag u svoj set-up položaj.Posada je to činila pomoću šiljaka i užadi. Nakon što je top vraćen u početni položav vunena krpa se umakala u kantu sa vodom i čistila se cijev topa kako bi bili sigurni nema iskre i kako bi se moglo pripremiti top za sljedeći pucanj.




Werndl Model 1867

Werndl Model 1867 Infantry Rifle Infanterie - und Jagergewehre M1867




Rifle :
Made by Osterreichische Waffenfabriks-Gesellschaft, Steyr, 1867-74
Quantity: 600,000
Rotary-block breech, with an external hammer
Caliber: 11x42mm rimmed
1278mm [50.3 inch] overall, 4.43kg 9.7 lbs
855mm [33.7 inch] barrel, 6-groove rifling, RH, concentric
Ramp-and-leaf sight graduated from 200 to 1400 paces
Muzzle velocity 436m/sec with M1867 rifle cartridge

11x42mm Cartridge Data :
Full length 60.3mm
Shell length 41.3mm
Bullet length 22.9mm
Bullet weight 20.3g,
Cartridge weight 32.63g
Black Powder 4g.

Description :
The principal feature of the M1867 was the drum-breech, which, while sturdy and secure,
compromised extraction. The rifle had a one piece stock with a straight wrist, a  back-action lock and an external hammer. There were two screwed  barrel bands  and  a nose cap;  swivels lay under the middle band  and  butt.  A cleaning rod was carried beneath the muzzle.  A bayonet  lug appeared  on the right side  of the muzzle. Standard  infantry-pattern  trigger guards were plain ovals, but a finger spur was substituted for Jager units.  Accepted at Steyr in 1869.

M1867 saber (Yataghan style) bayonet

Original M1867 saber (Yataghan style) bayonet. 700mm overall, 572mm blade length. Hard leather grips, hooked quillon. The muzzle ring finial was used as the front sight. Single edged blade, fullered both sides. Scabbards were originally heavily blued. Most bayonets were shortened by approx. 100mm, (see below) so original length bayonets are rare.

Shortened M1867 saber bayonet. 600mm overall, 472mm blade length. Most bayonets were shortened by approx. 100mm


The M1870 bayonet is the similar to the M1867, except the front sight on the muzzle ring was replaced with a screw-lock mounting mechanism. Both original 700mm length and shortened 600mm length shown on the left.


 

'EN' barrel marking, Ejercito Nacional = National Army, standard Argentinian contract marking of the era